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  1. 1921
    Congress funds American Indian health care
    In legislation commonly known as the Snyder Act, Congress authorizes funds for “the relief of distress ...
  2. 1923
    Pioneering Apsáalooke (Crow) nurse graduates
    Susie Walking Bear Yellow graduates from the Boston City Hospital School of Nursing and returns to the ...
  3. 1924
    American Indians granted U.S. citizenship
    Inspired by the high rate of American Indian enlistment during World War I, President Calvin Coolidge ...
  4. 1924
    Medical division established in Office of Indian Affairs
    The Office of Indian Affairs creates a separate medical division to administer the growing number of ...
  5. 1924
    Professional nurses hired for reservations
    The Office of Indian Affairs begins hiring professional field nurses to care for Native peoples on reservations.
  6. 1924
    Federal campaign targets trachoma
    The Office of Indian Affairs launches a campaign against trachoma, a serious bacterial eye infection ...
  7. 1927
    Clean water, sewers needed on most reservations
    After a century of the federal government moving American Indians onto reservations with inadequate ...
  8. 1927
    Trachoma surgery proves too dangerous
    The Office of Indian Affairs begins a national campaign in 1924 to eliminate the infectious eye disease ...
  9. 1928
    Government underreports American Indian deaths
    Lead investigator Lewis Meriam publishes The Problem of Indian Administration , documenting the failure ...
  10. 1929
    U.S. directs care to American Indian mothers and babies
    The Office of Indian Affairs establishes its first preventive medicine program, which emphasizes maternal ...
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