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Smallpox epidemics strike Mexico and the Great Plains
For two years, smallpox spreads from Mexico north and throughout the Great Plains, killing many members ...
The Peace of Paris ignores Native peoples’ rights
The Peace of Paris, the set of treaties (Treaty of Paris and the Treaties of Versailles, 1783) that end ...
Russian fur traders massacre Sugpiaq on Kodiak Island
Russian fur traders, led by Grigorii Shelikhov, overwhelm the Sugpiaq (Yup’ik, Alutiiq) in a bloody massacre ...
The first U.S. treaty with an American Indian tribe is ratified
The Continental Congress, a governing body formed during the American Revolution, made up of delegates ...
Future Hawaiian king meets British explorer
Kamehameha, the 25-year-old future monarch of Hawai‘i and nephew of King Kalani‘opu‘u of the Big Island ...
Congress can regulate trade with Indian tribes
The Commerce Clause of the U.S. Constitution, Article 1, Section 8, permits Congress to make all laws ...
The Northwest Ordinance guarantees tribal land rights
Congress ratifies the Northwest Ordinance of 1787, creating the first organized territory of the United ...
Indian nations unite to fight American expansion
The United Indian Nations of the Old Northwest fight the establishment of military forts and settlements ...
Battle of Fallen Timbers opens Northwest Territory to settlement
President George Washington assigns General “Mad” Anthony Wayne to build several forts between the Ohio ...
Russian missionaries come to Kodiak, Alaska
The first Russian Orthodox missionaries arrive at Kodiak and begin trying to convert the Sugpiaq (Yup’ ...