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Russian-American Company compels medical treatment of Native women
Russian traders have forced Alaska women into prostitution for decades. When syphilis spreads in New ...
U.S and Britain set 49th Parallel as U.S.–Canada border
The U.S. negotiates with Britain to end a Canadian border dispute. Tribes are not consulted as the 49th ...
Congress creates reservations to manage Native peoples
The U.S. Congress passes the Indian Appropriations Act, creating the reservation system. The government ...
First Ghost Dance movement seeks revival of cultures
The Ghost Dance is a Native spiritual movement of hope and renewal that originates with Wodziwob, a ...
Alaska regions assigned to religious denominations
Dr. Sheldon Jackson, the head of the Presbyterian Mission in Alaska, is appointed U.S. General Agent ...
Indian Affairs Commissioner bans Native languages in schools
Commissioner of Indian Affairs J. D. C. Atkins first bans instruction in Native languages as well as ...
U.S. subdivides reservation land; sells off surplus
Congress passes the General Allotment Act, better known as the Dawes Severalty Act, which divides reservations ...
Yavapai doctor advocates for Indian self-determination
The Yavapai doctor Carlos Montezuma (who was named Wassaja, “gathering” or “beckoning,” at birth) graduates ...
Indian boarding schools teach manual labor
Commissioner of Indian Affairs William A. Jones questions the potential of Indian students to compete ...
Allotments take land from Alaska Native villages
In the Alaska Native Allotment Act, the U.S. Congress establishes strict regulations about which Alaska ...