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Congress pays missionaries to ‘civilize’ American Indians
Congress appropriates $10,000 to pay what it calls people of “good moral character” to help the U.S. eliminate ...
Congress creates reservations to manage Native peoples
The U.S. Congress passes the Indian Appropriations Act, creating the reservation system. The government ...
Indian Affairs Commissioner bans Native languages in schools
Commissioner of Indian Affairs J. D. C. Atkins first bans instruction in Native languages as well as ...
U.S. subdivides reservation land; sells off surplus
Congress passes the General Allotment Act, better known as the Dawes Severalty Act, which divides reservations ...
Yavapai doctor advocates for Indian self-determination
The Yavapai doctor Carlos Montezuma (who was named Wassaja, “gathering” or “beckoning,” at birth) graduates ...
Indian boarding schools teach manual labor
Commissioner of Indian Affairs William A. Jones questions the potential of Indian students to compete ...
Commissioner calls for religious freedom for American Indians
Commissioner of Indian Affairs, John Collier, issues a circular on American Indian religious freedom, ...
National Congress of American Indians established
The National Congress of American Indians (NCAI) is founded. A generation educated in off-reservation ...
Congress seeks to abolish tribes, relocate American Indians
Congress passes a resolution beginning a federal policy of termination, through which American Indian ...
American Indian Movement advocates for urban Indian rights
A group of 200 Natives meet in Minneapolis to found the American Indian Movement, known as AIM. Growing ...