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Congress pays missionaries to ‘civilize’ American Indians
Congress appropriates $10,000 to pay what it calls people of “good moral character” to help the U.S. eliminate ...
Congress creates reservations to manage Native peoples
The U.S. Congress passes the Indian Appropriations Act, creating the reservation system. The government ...
Indian Affairs Commissioner bans Native languages in schools
Commissioner of Indian Affairs J. D. C. Atkins first bans instruction in Native languages as well as ...
U.S. subdivides reservation land; sells off surplus
Congress passes the General Allotment Act, better known as the Dawes Severalty Act, which divides reservations ...
Indian boarding schools teach manual labor
Commissioner of Indian Affairs William A. Jones questions the potential of Indian students to compete ...
Commissioner calls for religious freedom for American Indians
Commissioner of Indian Affairs, John Collier, issues a circular on American Indian religious freedom, ...
Congress seeks to abolish tribes, relocate American Indians
Congress passes a resolution beginning a federal policy of termination, through which American Indian ...
‘Trail of Broken Treaties’ raises environmental health concerns
American Indian leaders and activists organize a nonviolent protest to bring attention to issues affecting ...
American Indian freedom of religion legalized
The American Indian Religious Freedom Act legalizes traditional spirituality and ceremonies, overturning ...
Tribes open casinos; Congress steps in to regulate
As American Indian tribes begin opening casinos, Congress passes the Indian Gaming Regulatory Act, requiring ...