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  1. 1924
    American Indians granted U.S. citizenship
    Inspired by the high rate of American Indian enlistment during World War I, President Calvin Coolidge ...
  2. 1924
    Medical division established in Office of Indian Affairs
    The Office of Indian Affairs creates a separate medical division to administer the growing number of ...
  3. 1924
    Professional nurses hired for reservations
    The Office of Indian Affairs begins hiring professional field nurses to care for Native peoples on reservations.
  4. 1927
    Clean water, sewers needed on most reservations
    After a century of the federal government moving American Indians onto reservations with inadequate ...
  5. 1931
    Alaska Native health care transferred to U.S. Office of Indian Affairs
    The U.S. Office of Indian Affairs takes over responsibility for Alaska Native health care from the Territory ...
  6. 1934
    Commissioner calls for religious freedom for American Indians
    Commissioner of Indian Affairs, John Collier, issues a circular on American Indian religious freedom, ...
  7. 1936
    Federal recognition extended to Alaska Native villages
    With the Alaska Native Reorganization Act, an amendment of the Indian Reorganization Act of 1934, the ...
  8. 1941–45
    American Indian war effort in World War II is remarkable
    American Indians have the war’s highest rate of voluntary enlistment in the military. Of 350,000 American ...
  9. 1940
    Doctors leave reservations to enlist
    Office of Indian Affairs physicians and surgeons begin leaving Indian reservation hospitals to serve ...
  10. 1945
    Governor works to improve Alaska Territory health care
    President Franklin Roosevelt appoints a physician as territorial governor. Dr. Ernest Gruening launches ...
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