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Native peoples begin dying from European diseases
Diseases unknown to them spread rapidly among Native peoples, who lack immunity to viruses and bacteria ...
‘Virgin-soil’ epidemics devastate Native populations
“Virgin-soil” epidemics sweep through populations with no prior exposure to a particular infectious ...
First known influenza pandemic from the Americas begins
Influenza is one of the diseases that Europeans brought to the New World. Unlike previous influenza ...
Smallpox strikes again in North America
As the American Revolution begins, epidemic smallpox spreads across North America, killing hundreds ...
Smallpox epidemics strike Mexico and the Great Plains
For two years, smallpox spreads from Mexico north and throughout the Great Plains, killing many members ...
U.S. vaccinates Native peoples on the frontier against smallpox
Congress passes the Indian Vaccination Act and appropriates $12,000 to hire physicians to vaccinate Native ...
Whooping cough crosses the Great Plains
Whooping cough spreads across the U.S., killing babies and children, for whom the infection is particularly ...
Successive epidemics spread across U.S., Alaska, Hawai‘i
In September, a series of deadly epidemics, including measles, whooping cough, and influenza, sweeps ...
Native population plunges
In the U.S., Native population falls to an all-time low. The 1890 census records 237,196 Native people— ...
Indian Medical Association forms and dissolves
Medical doctors form the Indian Medical Association to advocate for American Indian health care in the ...