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  1. 1921
    Congress funds American Indian health care
    In legislation commonly known as the Snyder Act, Congress authorizes funds for “the relief of distress ...
  2. 1924
    American Indians granted U.S. citizenship
    Inspired by the high rate of American Indian enlistment during World War I, President Calvin Coolidge ...
  3. 1924
    Medical division established in Office of Indian Affairs
    The Office of Indian Affairs creates a separate medical division to administer the growing number of ...
  4. 1924
    Professional nurses hired for reservations
    The Office of Indian Affairs begins hiring professional field nurses to care for Native peoples on reservations.
  5. 1927
    Clean water, sewers needed on most reservations
    After a century of the federal government moving American Indians onto reservations with inadequate ...
  6. 1927
    Trachoma surgery proves too dangerous
    The Office of Indian Affairs begins a national campaign in 1924 to eliminate the infectious eye disease ...
  7. 1929
    U.S. directs care to American Indian mothers and babies
    The Office of Indian Affairs establishes its first preventive medicine program, which emphasizes maternal ...
  8. 1934
    President Franklin Roosevelt signs the Indian Reorganization Act
    President Franklin Roosevelt signs the Wheeler-Howard Act, better known as the Indian Reorganization ...
  9. 1934
    Commissioner calls for religious freedom for American Indians
    Commissioner of Indian Affairs, John Collier, issues a circular on American Indian religious freedom, ...
  10. 1941–45
    American Indian war effort in World War II is remarkable
    American Indians have the war’s highest rate of voluntary enlistment in the military. Of 350,000 American ...
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