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Congress can regulate trade with Indian tribes
The Commerce Clause of the U.S. Constitution, Article 1, Section 8, permits Congress to make all laws ...
Congress orders medical care for Native peoples
The federal government formally assigns the responsibility for providing medical care for Native peoples ...
Congress pays missionaries to ‘civilize’ American Indians
Congress appropriates $10,000 to pay what it calls people of “good moral character” to help the U.S. eliminate ...
Supreme Court rules American Indians do not own land
The first of three court cases (the “Marshall Trilogy”) that become the foundation of American Indian ...
U.S. establishes Office of Indian Affairs in War Department
Establishment of the Office of Indian Affairs within the War Department puts in place the bureaucracy ...
Supreme Court rules Indian nations not subject to state law
The second of three court cases (the “Marshall Trilogy”) that become the foundation of American Indian ...
U.S. vaccinates Native peoples on the frontier against smallpox
Congress passes the Indian Vaccination Act and appropriates $12,000 to hire physicians to vaccinate Native ...
Indian Affairs moves to Interior Department; U.S. approach to tribes shifts
Signaling a change in approach toward Native peoples, the federal government moves the Office of Indian ...
Congress creates reservations to manage Native peoples
The U.S. Congress passes the Indian Appropriations Act, creating the reservation system. The government ...
Tribes react to the American Civil War
Although most Indian tribes remain neutral in the conflict, some American Indians join Union or Confederate ...