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Congress pays missionaries to ‘civilize’ American Indians
Congress appropriates $10,000 to pay what it calls people of “good moral character” to help the U.S. eliminate ...
Congress creates reservations to manage Native peoples
The U.S. Congress passes the Indian Appropriations Act, creating the reservation system. The government ...
Alaska regions assigned to religious denominations
Dr. Sheldon Jackson, the head of the Presbyterian Mission in Alaska, is appointed U.S. General Agent ...
Indian Affairs Commissioner bans Native languages in schools
Commissioner of Indian Affairs J. D. C. Atkins first bans instruction in Native languages as well as ...
U.S. subdivides reservation land; sells off surplus
Congress passes the General Allotment Act, better known as the Dawes Severalty Act, which divides reservations ...
Indian boarding schools teach manual labor
Commissioner of Indian Affairs William A. Jones questions the potential of Indian students to compete ...
Allotments take land from Alaska Native villages
In the Alaska Native Allotment Act, the U.S. Congress establishes strict regulations about which Alaska ...
Commissioner calls for religious freedom for American Indians
Commissioner of Indian Affairs, John Collier, issues a circular on American Indian religious freedom, ...
Washington State challenges tribal treaty fishing rights
Washington State authorities forcefully evict Puyallup, Nisqually, and other tribal subsistence fishermen ...
Congress seeks to abolish tribes, relocate American Indians
Congress passes a resolution beginning a federal policy of termination, through which American Indian ...