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U.S. establishes Office of Indian Affairs in War Department
Establishment of the Office of Indian Affairs within the War Department puts in place the bureaucracy ...
Supreme Court rules American Indians do not own land
The first of three court cases (the “Marshall Trilogy”) that become the foundation of American Indian ...
Congress pays missionaries to ‘civilize’ American Indians
Congress appropriates $10,000 to pay what it calls people of “good moral character” to help the U.S. eliminate ...
Congress orders medical care for Native peoples
The federal government formally assigns the responsibility for providing medical care for Native peoples ...
Congress can regulate trade with Indian tribes
The Commerce Clause of the U.S. Constitution, Article 1, Section 8, permits Congress to make all laws ...
Smallpox epidemics strike Mexico and the Great Plains
For two years, smallpox spreads from Mexico north and throughout the Great Plains, killing many members ...