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The first U.S. treaty with an American Indian tribe is ratified
The Continental Congress, a governing body formed during the American Revolution, made up of delegates ...
Congress can regulate trade with Indian tribes
The Commerce Clause of the U.S. Constitution, Article 1, Section 8, permits Congress to make all laws ...
The Northwest Ordinance guarantees tribal land rights
Congress ratifies the Northwest Ordinance of 1787, creating the first organized territory of the United ...
Battle of Fallen Timbers opens Northwest Territory to settlement
President George Washington assigns General “Mad” Anthony Wayne to build several forts between the Ohio ...
Haudenosaunee prophet calls for peace
The Seneca prophet Handsome Lake (b. ca. 1733–d. 1815) has his first religious revelation. He preaches ...
Congress orders medical care for Native peoples
The federal government formally assigns the responsibility for providing medical care for Native peoples ...
Treaty of Fort Wayne takes 3 million acres from Native peoples
William Henry Harrison, the governor of the Indiana Territory and superintendent of Indian affairs, ...
Tecumseh’s vision of unity dies; U.S. invades northwest tribal lands
While the British colonel Henry Proctor and his troops, including some American Indians, retreat into ...
Andrew Jackson promises friendship to Choctaw, Cherokee
Choctaw and Cherokee Indians fight for General Andrew Jackson to defeat the Creek Indians in the Battle ...
U.S. frontier advances, pushing Native peoples westward
All along its western border, the U.S. presses for more land to accommodate the expanding nation. To ...