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President Jackson authorizes Native peoples’ removal from Georgia
President Andrew Jackson signs the Indian Removal Act, authorizing the Army to force Cherokee, Chickasaw, ...
Supreme Court rules Indian nations not subject to state law
The second of three court cases (the “Marshall Trilogy”) that become the foundation of American Indian ...
The Removal Act affects Choctaw first
The Removal Act that President Andrew Jackson pressed through Congress becomes a reality as the Choctaw ...
Some Seminoles, Creeks evade U.S. forced relocation
When the U.S., enforcing the Removal Act, coerces many Seminoles to march to Indian Territory (which ...
U.S. vaccinates Native peoples on the frontier against smallpox
Congress passes the Indian Vaccination Act and appropriates $12,000 to hire physicians to vaccinate Native ...
Supreme Court rules U.S. must treat tribes as nations
The third of three court cases (the “Marshall Trilogy”) that become the foundation of American Indian ...
Whooping cough crosses the Great Plains
Whooping cough spreads across the U.S., killing babies and children, for whom the infection is particularly ...
Flood destroys Choctaw farms; endangers tribe
In June, the Arkansas River floods its banks and washes away the first-year farms started by Choctaws ...
Muscogee Creek are forced out of Alabama
The U.S. Department of War forcibly removes the remaining 20,000 Muscogee Creek from Alabama to Indian ...
Mexico denies return of mission lands to Chumash
In California, the Mexican government frees the Chumash, who had been enslaved by the Spanish in California ...